Financial stress linked to heart disease risk among African-Americans

first_img Inflammation reduction cuts risk of heart attack, stroke Researchers analyzed data from 2000 to 2012 from participants who did not have evidence of heart disease at the beginning of the study. Participants were asked to rate the stress they experienced in several areas, including financial hardship, such as trouble paying bills or running out of pocket money. Participants rated the severity of each experience of stress due to finances on a seven-point scale, which the researchers than used to categorize the total level of stress due to finances that participants reported at the onset of the study.Researchers simultaneously analyzed other participant characteristics and behaviors thought to lead to heart disease, including physical activity and smoking behavior; the presence of chronic conditions such as hypertension, high cholesterol, diabetes, and depression; whether participants had access to health care; and social issues such as education and income.After considering each of these factors, it was found that African-American men and women who experienced moderate to high financial stress had almost three times greater risk of heart disease events — including heart attacks and procedures to investigate or treat heart disease — than those who did not experience financial stress. Individuals with mild financial stress had nearly two times the risk. The combination of three key factors — depression, smoking, and diabetes — appeared to explain some of the connection between financial stress and heart disease risk.The study was limited to drawing associations in the data and did not prove a causal connection between stress and heart disease risk. The authors were also not able to determine whether short-term or long-term exposures to stress were enough to raise heart disease risk. Importantly, the findings were limited to those who were willing to report their stress to researchers.Still, researchers conclude the results should prompt deeper investigation into the role of economic stress on disease risk and encourage policies to reduce these stressors.“The information from this study covered experiences men and women had during the recession of 2007 and beyond,” Clark said. “As we think about policies to prevent heart disease, we need to know a lot more about how economic volatility and financial stress may be connected to heart disease so that we can prevent unnecessary stress that may affect heart health.”The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. No financial disclosures were reported by the authors of this paper. The Jackson Heart Study is supported by contracts HHSN268201300046C, HHSN268201300047C, HHSN268201300048C, HHSN268201300049C, and HHSN268201300050C from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute and the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities. A better view of heart disease Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death in the U.S., and African-Americans are disproportionately affected. Prior studies have investigated how limited access to material resources due to financial hardship may influence health, but the association between the stress caused by financial hardship and coronary heart disease in African-Americans had not previously been examined.In a new study, researchers looked at the association between the psychological stress of financial hardship and CHD in this population and found that African-Americans who experienced moderate to high financial stress had greater risk of developing heart disease than those who did not.The study examined 2,256 participants in the Jackson Heart Study, a longitudinal cohort study of cardiovascular disease risks in African-American men and women living in the Jackson, Mississippi area. Results are published online Jan. 17 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.“Stress is known to contribute to disease risk, but the data from our study suggest a possible relationship between financial stress and heart disease that clinicians should be aware of as we research and develop interventions to address social determinants of health disparities,” said senior author Cheryl Clark, a hospitalist and researcher in the Division of General Medicine and Primary Care at Brigham and Women’s Hospital, where she is also the director of Health Equity Research and Intervention in the Center for Community Health and Health Equity. “As we think about policies to prevent heart disease, we need to know a lot more about how economic volatility and financial stress may be connected to heart disease.” — Cheryl Clark Related Simpler approach to diagnosis is superior, researchers find Trial study finds need for expensive interventions, such as bypass surgery, cut by more than 30 percent last_img read more

Gold Coast’s first penthouse up for grabs

first_imgThe Gold Coast’s first penthouse is up for grabs.The first penthouse to be built on the Coast, which helped put the Glitter Strip on the map as a holiday destination, has hit the market. Perched at the top of the Gold Coast’s first high-rise development, and one of Queensland’s earliest skyscrapers, the four-bedroom apartment is in the heritage listed Kinkabool building. The dated Surfers Paradise skyhome occupies the whole top floor and is a deceased estate being sold via an auction campaign. The four-bedroom apartment at 9/34 Hanlan St, Surfers Paradise.Surfers Paradise First National agent Bob Rollington, who is marketing the property with Leanne Marr, said the penthouse was a piece of Gold Coast history, as was its lockup garage which was on a separate title. “It was the first high-rise in Surfers, built in 1960 by John Booker,” he said.“The views are spectacular and you are right in the centre of town. “The garage is next door which was the original site of the Flamingo Nightclub, the first nightclub in Surfers.” MORE NEWS: Has this property started a sick trend?MORE NEWS: Million-dollar sale sets street record The skyhome will head under the hammer on June 15.The Queensland Heritage Register lists the building as a place of significance as it was the beginning of residential towers on the Coast. “Built in 1959-1960 at Surfers Paradise, the home-unit building known as Kinkabool was the Gold Coast’s first high-rise and one of Queensland’s earliest, built shortly after Torbreck was completed in Brisbane in 1960,” the description reads. The report said the building was the starting point for developments of its type which kicked off tourism in Queensland and gave the Gold Coast an international reputation. “Kinkabool also illustrates a significant aspect of the evolving character of the quintessential Australian beach holiday,” the site stated. “It reflects a shift in the preferences of many post-World War II Australian tourists away from traditional holiday accommodation options like camping or caravanning, guest or boarding houses toward high-rise, self-contained apartments with a view of the beach and equipped with modern conveniences like timesaving kitchen appliances and on-site pools.”The penthouse at 9/34 Hanlan St is set to head under the hammer on June 15. Video Player is loading.Play VideoPlayNext playlist itemMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration 1:46Loaded: 0%Stream Type LIVESeek to live, currently playing liveLIVERemaining Time -1:46 Playback Rate1xChaptersChaptersDescriptionsdescriptions off, selectedCaptionscaptions settings, opens captions settings dialogcaptions off, selectedQuality Levels720p720pHD432p432p216p216p180p180pAutoA, selectedAudio Tracken (Main), selectedFullscreenThis is a modal window.Beginning of dialog window. Escape will cancel and close the window.TextColorWhiteBlackRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentBackgroundColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentTransparentWindowColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyTransparentSemi-TransparentOpaqueFont Size50%75%100%125%150%175%200%300%400%Text Edge StyleNoneRaisedDepressedUniformDropshadowFont FamilyProportional Sans-SerifMonospace Sans-SerifProportional SerifMonospace SerifCasualScriptSmall CapsReset restore all settings to the default valuesDoneClose Modal DialogEnd of dialog window.This is a modal window. This modal can be closed by pressing the Escape key or activating the close button.Close Modal DialogThis is a modal window. This modal can be closed by pressing the Escape key or activating the close button.PlayMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration 0:00Loaded: 0%Stream Type LIVESeek to live, currently playing liveLIVERemaining Time -0:00 Playback Rate1xFullscreenChoosing an apartment to invest in01:47 [email protected]center_img Mr Rollington said the apartment is currently rented out for $650 per week and was likely to attract investors and families looking for a holiday home or permanent residence in the heart of town. The owners held the keys for more than 35 years. More from news02:37International architect Desmond Brooks selling luxury beach villa11 hours ago02:37Gold Coast property: Sovereign Islands mega mansion hits market with $16m price tag2 days agoThe Kinkabool building has recently had a makeover.Mr Rollington said the Kinkabool building had recently had an expensive makeover to bring it back to life. “It was all done in consultation with the heritage listing people,” he said. “They ended up getting the original designs and co-ordinating the colours and they replaced all the windows to get it back to the original facade.“There was a lot of work involved and at a great cost.” last_img read more