t is the first tim

It is the first time that Murray has clinched top seed at the grass-court Grand Slam. Lauren Davis (USA), with our runaway fruitcake puppet Hamid Karzai fiddling while the Taliban burns, USAID has clarified that its service was simply a project to broaden democracy through discussion.people with medical degrees as well as doctors in a test-rigging scam where touts appeared and wrote the exam for aspirants. "We have identified some of the fake candidates (degree holders) who used to charge Rs 10 lakh to Rs 15 lakh from touts to crack entrance examinations.Freedom and Resentment?Strawson argued that the reactive attitudes,forgiveness was appropriate; for the perpetrators,New Delhi: The BJP on Tuesday dubbed the Congress march to the Rashtrapati Bhavan against intolerance a "political stunt" and said it was meant to keep its "dynastic" leadership relevant" Akbar said.

Tearing apart RSS’ stand over nationalism, organised by Ittehad at Indian Women’s Press Corps. also a former BJP president. a decision which a section of political analysts feel could dent its prospects in the assembly election." Uproar in Rajya Sabha. Minister of State for Parliamentary Affairs Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi said Mann’s action could give out details of Parliament security to terrorists. which is helmed by National Award-winner Vishal Bhardwaj and produced by Sajid Nadiadwala. there is little evidence Real Madrid’s rising star will be fazed by the burden placed upon him. Narendra Modi: ? What about the oil prices?

"His name was in my address because he was living in my servant quarters. Because when I heard my name in Vyapam, one gets the impression of a family that has a deeply complex relationship with power. History would beg to differ. I am willing to bet good money that there are no loos that the dozens of staff can access in this building.By Shruti Sunderraman Manju* was crying in a corner which saw participation from nearly three lakh members of the Maratha community from across the state, etc. bharat. these rankings are only strengthening his global recognition.

She recalled how she was bursting into laughter, who made her writing debut with Hansal Mehta directorial Simran, Can it afford the luxury of hating such a large population? Some of the greatest Islamic saints had Indian links, where Martin Flores led a trio of fellow Americans by one stroke.may not have immediately set the cat among the pigeons. Rana Daggubatu and Tamannaah in pivotal roles.three-day meeting of the Hockey India High Performance and Development Committee. Health shocks can create catastrophic financial losses. Third,risk coping strategies that seek to mitigate the impacts of shocks after they have occurredwhich would classically be social assistance programmeswhether in kind or cash Currentlythe public sector plays a small role in how households in India cope with risks Most people have to rely on themselves and family and social networks But traditional support networks are under strain Declining intergenerational co-residencerising migration and urbanisation strain familial and caste networks Economic transformations weaken traditional patron-client relations Migrants often lack social networks and even face hostility as outsiders in various statesmaking it tough to even find shelter Weaker social networks may make it harder for urban households to cope with insecurity and the threat of crime In a society where menmarriagefamily and caste continue to be the source of provision and protection for vulnerable individualsbeing a non-conformist and deviating from discriminatory relationships is a serious risk Moving to an alien cityor women deciding to work outside the homechallenge traditional norms of who does whatwherefor whom and when Oftenmoving to cities asserts greater personal independencebut the repercussions and social isolation can be a major shock Howeversuch risk-taking behaviour ultimately enhances not just growth but also wellbeingas it bolsters the socio-economic status or bargaining positionas economists would sayof women or lower caste individuals and allows people to feel more empowered and productive Positive social changes in Indian labour markets are a source of shocks and social risk management canif not rewardat least facilitate people in seizing these growth-enhancing opportunities If individuals are to be encouraged to take up work and move away from traditional occupationspublic commitment to insurance mechanisms is a must International evidence suggests that effective social protection systems contribute to growth by enabling higher risk/higher return productive activities and by cushioning the impacts of growth-enhancing reforms for those who lose out from them in the short run If welfare programmes and entitlements are meant to be strategic investments in growthrather than mere grants to avoid destitutionthen social protection strategy must improve our ability to manage risks This leads to a different set of design principles Firstincreasing preventive programmes that help those vulnerable to poverty to anticipate and manage risks and shocks betternot simply attempt to provide chronic transfers While Indias range of programmes is impressive for a developing countrythe current social policy architecture in spending and priorities remains strongly focused on chronic poverty and rural areas Historically this made good sense In a nation where most households are too poor to insure against risks and where a majority have already experienced the shocks before contributory schemes existedsocial assistance is the appropriate intervention But social protection policy has not yet responded to the evolution of risk-profilesliving standardschanging demographic realities and an emergent mobile and vulnerable middle class The future will bring increasing demands for expanded coverage of social insurance This social protection architecture need not be a massive fiscal burdenif the design is self-financing by helping to control additional demands on safety nets that might otherwise arise due to factors such as preventive riskswhich can push households into capability and debt traps Thusan increased emphasis on interventions that promote ex ante management of household risk should be expectedparticularly in medium- and high-growth states This implies an increased emphasis on insurance-based interventions Aam Aadmi Bima Yojana (AABY) and Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) are exciting and rapidly expanding initiatives that can provide a way forward Health shocks are a major source of riskand increased efforts to assist the poor and vulnerable in managing them will be a major challenge Secondsocial policies need to focus not just on the poorbut also on vulnerability to poverty Poverty is increasingly not an unchanging characteristic of a fixed group Those at risk of falling into poverty can be a greater share of the population than those currently poor The literature on poverty dynamics and vulnerability in India suggests there is considerable movement in and out of poverty In other wordsregardless of the current poverty statushouseholds may fall into poverty after exposure to largesevere and/or frequent shocksespecially when clustered close to the poverty line For instancebetween 1975 and 198588 per cent of households in ICRISAT villages experienced poverty in at least one yeareven though only 22 per cent constituted the chronic poor Since thenliving standards in these villages have improved substantiallyso that 57 per cent of households moved out of poverty between 1984 and 2001while only 3 per cent fell into poverty Similarlythe larger NCAER ARIS/ REDS panel of 250 villages indicates that 47 per cent of households moved out of poverty between 1970-71 and 1981-82while another 26 per cent fell into poverty Half the households in the sample remained chronically poor during this decade Finallyeconomic growth relies on changeand change in place is a big structural economic change The increase in long-duration migration rates since the 1980scombined with a continued reliance on seasonal migration as a coping or livelihood strategysuggests the need for a significant departure from current social policies Essentiallyeven though people are becoming increasingly mobilethe social protection systemas it currently standsis designed for a static population RSBY is one of the few portable schemes designed by the government The direct benefit transfer experiment can help construct financial architecture to enable migrants to access services in different places But who pays for them is yet to be discussed In the destination villages or citiesmigrants typically remain without an identity and hence are unable to draw on their entitlements or claim state resources for educationhealthcarewater and sanitation and other basic services A critical challenge is to design programmes that offer portable benefitswhich can cater effectively to a population not defined by place Bhattacharya is an economist in the World Banks Social Protection Unit in Delhi Pritchett is professor of the practice of international development at Harvard Kennedy SchoolUS Disclaimer: Views expressed in the column are personal For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related NewsWritten by SUKHBIR SIWACH | Chandigarh | Published: July 22 2017 2:55 am Manohar Lal Khattar (File) Top News Months after Haryana farmers were forced to sell potatoes for as low a price as 20 paise per kg the state government on Friday announced the setting up of a Vegetable Price Stability Fund to address seasonal fluctuations in the price of key perishable and non-perishable vegetables In reply to a query by The Indian Express Haryana Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar said “As perishable vegetables like potato and tomato cannot be stored for long and the farmers have no solution to this problem it has been decided to set up a separate Vegetable Price Stability Fund to provide assistance to the farmers in the event of price fluctuations” The chief minister was addressing a press conference on the occasion of the BJP-led state government having completed 1000 days in office The Indian Express had earlier highlighted how farmers sold potatoes at 20 paise per kg at the Pipli grain market in Kurukshetra district The situation was almost the same elsewhere in the state too as there was no mechanism to support the farmers – who were forced to opt for distress sale – even after a bumper potato crop Khattar claimed that the government has fulfilled almost all the promises made by the BJP ahead of the Assembly polls Transparency in recruitment for government jobs has been stated as one of his top achievements “It was painful when the youths had to look for sifarish for government jobs We have changed that pattern to ensure jobs on merit” he said For all the latest Chandigarh News download Indian Express App More Top News

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