Brattleboro, VT, April 18, 2002 — The Vermont Supreme Court recently affirmed the judgement entered in favor of Chroma Technology Corp. that the Chroma defendants did not violate any legal obligation to their former employee when they founded a competing business in 1991. In so doing, the Court clarified the law in the State of Vermont on the important issue of when and how employees may go into direct competition with their employers. Prior to this decision, no case in Vermont had squarely addressed the issue since the early years of the 20th century.Heidi Harvey, of the firm of Fish & Richardson P.C., Boston, MA, was leadcounsel for the Chroma defendants at trial and on appeal. She observed, “This decision is an extremely important statement of the modern law inVermont on one of the most difficult issues that faces employees and employers – who has the burden of drawing the line between the employees’general, knowledge, skills, and abilities and the employer’s proprietary information. The Vermont Supreme Court’s places the burden squarely on theemployer to take reasonable steps to protect its information and point out to its employees that it considers the information confidential. The fact that information is valuable does not, by itself, make an employee strictly liable never to use it.”In the action, the former employer, Omega Optical, of Brattleboro, VT, alleged that former employees misappropriated Omega’s confidential information and breached their duties of employment to Omega when they founded Chroma Technology Corp, also in Brattleboro, VT, in 1991 to make optical filters for fluorescence microscopy in competition with Omega and others. Omega sought a permanent injunction and $20 million in damages from Chroma. After a 22-day bench trial in 1999, the Superior Court foundin favor of the Chroma defendants.On appeal to the Vermont Supreme Court, Omega asked the Court to hold that employees who acquire valuable information in the course of their employment “owe a duty of confidentiality to the employer merely by virtue of their status as employees, regardless of whether the employer has done anything either to protect the information or to communicate to the employees the confidential and proprietary nature of the information.” Omega also asked the Court to hold that former employees “continue to owe a duty of loyalty, including refraining from competition with their former employer, after they leave employment.”The Vermont Supreme Court rejected both arguments, noting that “[Plaintiff’s argument] is simply at odds with the case law, which requiressomething more than the mere employer-employee relationship to establish a duty of confidentiality.” The Court also noted that “[Plaintiff] cites no authority for the proposition that at-will employees continue to owe a duty of loyalty to a former employer, even after they have left that employment, that constrains them from ever acting to the detriment of that employer. Such a common law duty would prevent an employee from ever going to work for a competitor even in the absence of an agreement not to do so, an anomalous result.”
As the number of confirmed COVID-19 cases continues to rise across the country, people in Manado, North Sulawesi have started to buy a local alcoholic beverage called Cap Tikus (Mouse Brand) – not to drink, but to make homemade hand sanitizer.Because of shortages during the COVID-19 pandemic, the deputy governor of North Sulawesi, Steven Kandouw called for hand sanitizer to be homemade using Cap Tikus, which has an alcohol content of 50 percent, as the main ingredient.In addition, as many as 900 liters of Cap Tikus made by micro, small and medium enterprises in Tareran, South Minahasa was purchased by North Sulawesi’s COVID-19 task force to be processed into hand sanitizer, which is to be freely distributed to the public. Cap Tikus is a traditional fermented beverage originally from Minahasa that is distilled from the naturally alcoholic sap of sugar palms. The local alcoholic beverage has long been a favorite among North Sulawesi residents.As reported by tribunnews, some residents have been experimenting by mixing some of the Cap Tikus with fragrant oils to be made into a solution that is believed to have similar chemical content as hand sanitizer.”The 600-milliliter Cap Tikus is usually priced at Rp 20,000 [US$1.25], but now it is priced at Rp 50,000 as people are buying it for hand sanitizer,” said Robby, the Cap Tikus salesman from Tamaluntung village, North Minahasa, North Sulawesi on Thursday.He added that he was overwhelmed by the increasing demand for the beverage in the past three days. While the brand offers drinks with varying levels of alcohol content – from 30 to 50 percent – Robby said that most people came to buy the ones with the highest level.Engelbert Hart, another Cap Tikus seller, said that recently he could sell up to 30 bottles of Cap Tikus a day, up from the usual 10 to 20 bottles.”I am happy that more people come to buy, but I am also anxious about whether they bring the coronavirus with them or not,” said the man who has been selling the beverage for 30 years.On Thursday morning, the North Sulawesi COVID-19 task force reported that six North Sulawesi residents were under monitoring for COVID-19. Indonesia has reported 227 confirmed cases nationwide.(trn)Topics :
Danny L. Hawkins, age 69, of Brookville, Indiana died unexpectedly Saturday, April 4, 2020 in Brookville, Indiana.Born March 12, 1951 in Connersville, Indiana he was the son of the late Samuel R. & Louise C. (Ryan) Hawkins.In his leisure time he enjoyed visiting with friends at McDonald’s.Survivors include his companion of over 27 years, Barbara Day of Brookville, Indiana, a step-daughter, Jennifer Wolfrum of Brookville; three step-grandchildren, Jana Peters, Shane Peters and Gregory Peters; two sisters, Jeannie Wilson and Mary Thielbar both of Brookville, Indiana a brother, Wayne Hawkins of Harrison, Ohio as well as many nieces & nephews.In addition to his parents he was preceded in death by three sisters, Junavonne Roberts, Helen Cummins and Sandra Dixon, five brothers, Samuel Hawkins Jr, James Hawkins, Raymond Hawkins, Richard Hawkins, and Robert Hawkins.There will be no public services. Burial will be in Maple Grove Cemetery in Brookville, Indiana.The staff of Phillips & Meyers Funeral Home are honored to serve the family of Danny Hawkins, everyone is encouraged to sign the online guest book or send personal condolences to the family via www.phillipsandmeyers.com .
Nigeria’s tennis great, Nduka ‘Duke’ Odizor and Festus Onigbinde, one of the country’s most outstanding football coaches, are among a list of sports resource persons to make presentations at the seventh retreat of the National Sports Reform Committee taking place in Abuja starting today, Monday June 13 through Wednesday, June 15.The retreat which is taking place at the Committee of Vice Chancellors Secretariat in Abuja would also feature papers from a former Director General of the NSC, Yakmut Alhassan; Director of Kwara State Sports Council, Tunde Kazeem; President of the Cricket Federation, Emeka Onyeoma and Reknown Nigeria-based American basketball coach, Oliver B. Johnson.According to statement from the committee, this retreat will serve to perfect discussions on the seven terms of reference and pave way for the drafting of the report to be submitted on July 14.According to the Chairman of the committee, Godwin Kienka, “The committee is on schedule and we are looking forward to a great retreat. We are grateful for the response and the contributions from all the resource persons that we have invited. It just goes to show that the need for a comprehensive but practical sports reform in Nigeria is acknowledged by all.”Share this:FacebookRedditTwitterPrintPinterestEmailWhatsAppSkypeLinkedInTumblrPocketTelegram